Rising College Tuition

Following the Money: Where is it NOT going?

Textbooks and Professors

Data show that 75.9 cents of every dollar students pay for textbooks will be received by the publishers. From this, 11.5 cents will be forwarded to the authors of the textbooks. This leaves 64.4 cents out of every textbook dollar (or almost 65%) that will be retained by the publishers.

Faculty Salaries

In 2011, 50% of the faculty at degree-granting institutions was full-time.   In the past ten years, full-time faculty salaries at public two-year institutions have decreased by 2.5 percent.

50% of the faculty at degree-granting institutions was adjunct or part time.  Adjunct faculty have no benefits, no job security, and no guarantee of number of classes or schedules.   They often have no office, no access to copiers, computers, phones or college e-mail system.

———————

Works Cited

American Association of University Professors.  AAUP.  “A Very Slow Recovery: The Annual Report on the Economic Status of the Profession, 2011-12.”  http://www.aaup.org/reports-publications/2011-12salarysurvey

Institute of Education Sciences.  National Center for Education Statistics. Digest of Education Statistics.  Table 290. Number of instructional faculty in degree-granting institutions, by employment status, sex, control, and level of institution: Selected years, fall 1970 through fall 2011. https://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d12/tables/dt12_290.asp

National Association of College Stores.  “Where the ‘New’ Textbook Dollar Goes”, www.nacs.org/public/research/higher_ed_retail.asp.

 

Advertisements
Tagged with: , , , , , , , , ,
Posted in Faculty, Institutions of Higher Education, Money

“If a child can…

“If a child can’t learn the way we teach, maybe we should teach the way they learn.” ~ Ignacio Estrada

Tagged with: , , , , , , ,
Posted in Curriculum, Educators, Students

Signs of the Shared Economy

Open Education in Practice

OpenCourseWare (OCW)

After a pilot year of publishing 50 courses on line in 2002, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) began publishing all of its courses on line where they are available to anyone in the world for free.  To date 2050 MIT courses in toto are available on line, free to anyone.  Courses have been translated into Spanish, Portuguese, Chinese, Persian and Turkish, with video translations into Korean.

The OpenCourseWare Consortium was founded on the idea of Open Education, which includes OpenCourseWare, course materials which may be freely adapted and modified, as well as open textbooks, open licenses, open data, open scholarship, part of its work to make education available to everyone and to facilitate sharing and innovation.

 

Open Textbooks

Community colleges and two-year colleges have access to open textbooks, that is, to open source, peer-reviewed textbooks on-line for free usage.  The University of Minnesota and the Community College Consortium for Open Educational both maintain online catalogues of open textbooks.

 

MOOCs

In 2013 five Mass Open On-line Courses (MOOCs) using the Coursera platform were recommended by the American Council on Education for credit.  The approved courses were offered by three colleges: Duke University, of University of California, Irvine and the University Pennsylvania.   The number of courses and platforms available has since increased.

————

Works Cited

About OCW.  MIT OpenCourseWare.  Massachusetts Institute of Technology.  http://ocw.mit.edu/about/

About Us. OpenCourseWareConsortium.  http://www.ocwconsortium.org/about-ocw/

Biolectricity: A Quantitative Approach.   Duke University’s First MOOC.  February 5, 2013.  http://dukespace.lib.duke.edu/dspace/bitstream/handle/10161/6216/Duke_Bioelectricity_MOOC_Fall2012.pdf

College Open Textbooks Collaborative.  Who are We.  About College Open Textbooks.  http://www.collegeopentextbooks.org/about-us/who-are-we

Community College Consortium for Open Educational Resources.  http://oerconsortium.org/discipline-specific/

Kolowich, S. American Council on Education Recommends 5 MOOCs for Credit.  Technology.  News.  The Chronicle of Higher Education.  February 7, 2013.   https://chronicle.com/article/American-Council-on-Education/137155/

Our History. MIT OpenCourseWare.  Massachusetts Institute of Technology.  http://ocw.mit.edu/about/our-history/

Student PIRG’s. Open Textbooks Catalog.  http://www.studentpirgs.org/open-textbooks/catalog

University of California, Irvine.  University of California Irvine. https://www.class-central.com/university/uci

Tagged with: , , , , , ,
Posted in Institutions of Higher Education, Money

Scholarship Statistics

Student Scholarship Usage

In 2013 39% of college students used scholarships to fund their education; scholarships awarded averaged $8,349 per student according to Sallie Mae.

Athletic Scholarships

The National Collegiate Athletic Association points out that roughly two percent of high school athletes are awarded athletic college scholarships.  The scholarships are awarded through the individual schools.

Men’s programs receive 70% of the scholarship funds, with male athletes receiving $148 more in athletic scholarships than female athletes, according to the NCAA Gender Equity Task Force.

——-

Works Cited

Athletic Scholarships.  National Letter of Intent.  http://www.nationalletter.org/documentLibrary/athleticScholarship.html

Fagan, K. and Cyphers, L. Five Myths About Title IX.  Title IX.  ESPNW. April 29, 2012.  http://espn.go.com/espnw/title-ix/article/7729603/five-myths-title-ix

How Do Athletics Scholarships Work.  Behind the Blue Disk.  http://www.ncaa.org/about/resources/media-center/how-do-athletics-scholarships-work

Sallie Mae / IPSOS.  How America Pays for College 2013, Summary Report.  Sallie Mae’s National Study of College Students and Parents.   https://www.salliemae.com/assets/Core/how-America-pays/howamericapays2013.pdf

Tagged with: , , , ,
Posted in Money, Students

How Long Will It Take to Graduate?

Graduation Guarantees

Institutions of higher learning have been required to track and disclose graduation rates or completion rates since the Student Right-to-Know and Campus Security Act (P.L. 101-542) was passed in 1990.  Some adjustments have been made in the law since then to help standardize the reporting and to make it easier for the public to access.

U.S. Department of Education data for 2013 indicate that while graduation rates or completion rates vary, revealing differences in rates for types of institutions, gender, selectivity, for example, on average, 59% of full-time undergraduate students at 4-year degree granting institutions who started in 2005 took six years to complete their degrees and 31% of full-time undergraduate students at 2-year degree granting institutions who started in 2008 took three years to complete their degrees or certificates.

One response to this situation is that an increasing number of universities including Eastern Illinois University, Baldwin Wallace University, Portland State University and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln have implemented programs guaranteeing a four-year graduation.

———

Works Cited

Fast Facts. Graduation Rates.  Institute of Education Sciences.  The National Center for Education Statistics. http://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=40

Four-Year Degree Guarantee.  Portland State University. http://www.pdx.edu/four-year-degree-guarantee

Four-Year Graduation Guarantee Keeps Higher Education Affordable. News & Events. Baldwin Wallace University.  http://www.bw.edu/news/four-year-graduation-guarantee/

Four-Year Graduation Guarantee.  Become a Husker.  Admissions.  University of Nebraska-Lincoln.  http://admissions.unl.edu/become/graduation-guarantee.aspx

Graduation Guarantee.  Eastern Illinois University.  http://www.eiu.edu/eiufour/

Student Right-to-Know Act.  Glossary.  Institute of Education Sciences.  The National Center for Education Statistics. Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. http://nces.ed.gov/Ipeds/glossary/index.asp?id=625

Tagged with: , , , , , ,
Posted in Educators, Graduates, Institutions of Higher Education, Students

Reach More, Teach More

Differentiated Instruction in the Higher Ed Classroom

There are upwards of 87,000 drink combinations available at Starbucks.  People’s needs and preferences vary—Starbucks makes an effort to address these variations via their drink offerings.  Starbucks Q2 revenues for FY 14 were $3.9 billion.

We know that people have different needs and preferences and yet research by Burke and Ray (2008) suggests that college instructors overwhelmingly rely on one delivery method for instruction–the lecture.

Differentiated instruction is an approach of delivering instruction (as well as learning activities and assessments) based on the diversity students bring to the class in order to maximize learning (Subban, 2006, & Tomlinson, 1999).

Livingston presents a continuum of instruction methodology  categorized by educational objective from transmission of knowledge (through discussion, lecture and recitation) to transaction (through case method, cooperative learning, peer-to-peer feedback, problem-based learning, speaking exercises, ungraded in-class activities and writing exercises) to transformation (through dialogue, games, inquiry-based learning, role playing, service learning with reflection and simulations).

Both Leitweis and Chamberlin have compiled research studies which show a broad range of benefits when differentiated instruction is used in higher education institutions.  The studies find student benefits of differentiated instruction include higher levels of academic achievement, increased scores on standardized tests, and improved attitudes towards learning.

_____

Works Cited

Burke, L.  & Ray R. , (2008). in Lightweis, S.K. College Success: A Fresh Look at Differentiated Instruction and Other Student-Centered Strategies.  College Quarterly.  Summer 2013, Vol. 15 Number 3.  http://www.collegequarterly.ca/2013-vol16-num03-summer/lightweis.html

Espresso Beverages.  Handcrafted Lattes. Cappuccinos, Macchiatos and more.  Starbucks Coffee Company.  http://www.starbucks.co.uk/menu/beverage-list/espresso-beverages

Lightweis, S.K. College Success: A Fresh Look at Differentiated Instruction and Other Student-Centered Strategies.  College Quarterly.  Summer 2013, Vol. 15 Number 3.  http://www.collegequarterly.ca/2013-vol16-num03-summer/lightweis.html

Livingston, D.  Differentiated Instruction and Assessment in the College Classroom.  A Paper presented at the 12th Conference on College and University Teaching, Kennesaw, GA, February 11, 2006.

Starbucks Investor Relations.  Financial Release. http://investor.starbucks.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=99518&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=1922140&highlight=

Subban, P. (2006). in Chamberlin, M. T.  The Potential of Prospective Teachers Experiencing Differentiated Instruction in a Mathematics Classroom. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education–IΣJMΣ Vol. 6., No. 3. http://www.iejme.com/032011/d2.pdf

Tomlinson, C. A. (1999) in Chamberlin, M. T.  The Potential of Prospective Teachers Experiencing Differentiated Instruction in a Mathematics Classroom. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education–IΣJMΣ Vol. 6., No. 3. http://www.iejme.com/032011/d2.pdf

Tagged with: , , , , , , ,
Posted in Educators, Institutions of Higher Education, Students

High School Students Taking College Courses

In 2010, 211,000 students enrolled in degree-granting institutions were between the ages of 14 and 17.

Data suggest that many of these students were enrolled through a dual enrollment program (high school students taking courses for college credit) and others of these students were enrolled outside of a dual enrollment program.   Some students may have been taking coursework both within a dual enrollment program and outside of a dual enrollment program at the same time.

—————-

Works Cited

Institute of Education Sciences.  National Center for Education Statistics. Digest of Education Statistics. National Center for Education Statistics.  Dual Enrollment Programs and Courses for High School Students at Postsecondary Institutions: 2010-11.  Table 1. http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2013/2013002/tables/table_01.asp

Institute of Education Sciences.  National Center for Education Statistics. Digest of Education Statistics.  Table 200.  Total fall enrollment in degree-granting institutions, by attendance status, sex, and age: Selected years, 1970 through 2020. http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d11/tables/dt11_200.asp

Tagged with: , , ,
Posted in Institutions of Higher Education, Students