Open Education in Practice
After a pilot year of publishing 50 courses on line in 2002, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) began publishing all of its courses on line where they are available to anyone in the world for free. To date 2050 MIT courses in toto are available on line, free to anyone. Courses have been translated into Spanish, Portuguese, Chinese, Persian and Turkish, with video translations into Korean.
The OpenCourseWare Consortium was founded on the idea of Open Education, which includes OpenCourseWare, course materials which may be freely adapted and modified, as well as open textbooks, open licenses, open data, open scholarship, part of its work to make education available to everyone and to facilitate sharing and innovation.
Community colleges and two-year colleges have access to open textbooks, that is, to open source, peer-reviewed textbooks on-line for free usage. The University of Minnesota and the Community College Consortium for Open Educational both maintain online catalogues of open textbooks.
In 2013 five Mass Open On-line Courses (MOOCs) using the Coursera platform were recommended by the American Council on Education for credit. The approved courses were offered by three colleges: Duke University, of University of California, Irvine and the University Pennsylvania. The number of courses and platforms available has since increased.
About OCW. MIT OpenCourseWare. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. http://ocw.mit.edu/about/
About Us. OpenCourseWareConsortium. http://www.ocwconsortium.org/about-ocw/
Biolectricity: A Quantitative Approach. Duke University’s First MOOC. February 5, 2013. http://dukespace.lib.duke.edu/dspace/bitstream/handle/10161/6216/Duke_Bioelectricity_MOOC_Fall2012.pdf
College Open Textbooks Collaborative. Who are We. About College Open Textbooks. http://www.collegeopentextbooks.org/about-us/who-are-we
Community College Consortium for Open Educational Resources. http://oerconsortium.org/discipline-specific/
Kolowich, S. American Council on Education Recommends 5 MOOCs for Credit. Technology. News. The Chronicle of Higher Education. February 7, 2013. https://chronicle.com/article/American-Council-on-Education/137155/
Our History. MIT OpenCourseWare. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. http://ocw.mit.edu/about/our-history/
Student PIRG’s. Open Textbooks Catalog. http://www.studentpirgs.org/open-textbooks/catalog
University of California, Irvine. University of California Irvine. https://www.class-central.com/university/uci